Sunday, January 8, 2012


The global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world is suffering from as it has many negative effects upon our environment. In this essay I am going to examine the definition of global warming, problems that are related to global warming and the possible solutions that can be implemented to reduce the negative impacts of those issues.

The global warming refers to the increase in the average surface temperature of the earth's atmosphere resulting from the release of the excessive amounts of gas emissions such as carbon dioxide and methane that are produced by human activities especially the burning of fossil fuel. The industrial revolution, car use, population growth and other human activities and consumptions are demanding a high amount of fossil fuel which creates an excess of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This means that the heat from the Sun is allowed to enter the atmosphere, but it is not allowed to escape back into space.  The more greenhouse gases there are, the larger the percentage of heat that is trapped inside the earth’s atmosphere. 

There are different problems that are associated with the global warming. One of the main issues is the weather and the earth's temperature changes.  An extreme weather change can be noticed among different events such as floods, droughts, heat waves and extreme storms. Furthermore, most people can recognize that the temperature has risen in the last decades. In fact, thousands of scientists recorded that the temperature has risen in the last century by approximately 1.2° to 1.4° F and it reached its highest level in 1998 followed by 2005. However, James Hansen, NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) director, announced that "It is likely that the 2005 or 2010 calendar year means will turn out to be sufficiently close that it will be difficult to say which year was warmer". "What is clear, though, is that the warmest 12-month period in the GISS analysis was reached in mid-2010” he added.
Another main issue is physical environment and biodiversity changes. One of the most significant changes among the physical environment and biodiversity can be observed among the forests and animals. In fact, the warmer climate encourages the growth of pests which destroy large numbers of forests. Moreover, several types of animals will be affected by a high temperature average as it will be difficult for them to adapt with this change. In addition, there are many seasonal processes affected by the global warming such as leaf production, vegetation, egg-laying time and the migration period of birds, fish and other animals.

Raising the sea level is another serious problem of global warming. Thousands of scientists announced that the continuous increase in temperature would cause polar ice caps to melt rapidly which will significantly raise the sea levels. The high sea levels will obviously affect and destroy the coastal areas around the world. In addition, there is a real fear among some small island residents that their lands may totally disappear under water because of sea levels rising. Furthermore, we can mention here that the melting of the ice will contribute highly in warming the Arctic. This fact has been announced by lead author of the School of Earth Sciences at the University of Melbourne, Dr James Screen, when he said that “The sea ice acts like a shiny lid on the Arctic Ocean. When it is heated, it reflects most of the incoming sunlight back into space. When the sea ice melts, more heat is absorbed by the water. The warmer water then heats the atmosphere above it".

Even though there are many problems associated with global warming, there are different possible solutions and ways in which we can reduce the negative impacts of those problems. Different parties such as government organizations, corporations, environmental organizations and individuals can participate in order to achieve a good level of negative impact reduction.

The first solution can be handled by the government organizations in which they can play a significant role in reducing the global warming. In fact, the government can invest in finding different energy sources rather than depending only on the fossil fuel. Moreover, they have the authorization to issue different acts and laws which encourage the politicians, businesses and others to participate in reducing this problem. Furthermore, they can educate their people about the global warming, the problems associated, the negative consequences of those problems and the possible ways to reduce it.

Another solution is related to corporations and business in which they might implement different steps and ways to reduce this problem such as implementing innovative energy supply and demand solutions, improving waste management practices, participating in emissions trading and investing in carbon sequestration opportunities and research.

Different organizations who are focusing on saving the environment and reducing the global warming, neither individually nor through cooperation with other organizations and companies, can be a significant partner in solving or reducing the global warning. This can be achieved among different ways such as using a recycling program for paper, plastic, newspaper, glass and aluminum cans. Individuals can also contribute in reducing the global warming through buying energy-efficient products, planting a tree, switching off the electricity if they do not use it, using public transportation and making sure their cars are running efficiently.

Considering the above explanation of the causes and consequences of the global warming, I believe that the global warming is one of the serious environmental issues that the world is suffering from. Furthermore, the whole globe including the local and national government, corporations, organizations and private individuals must cooperate and contribute in controlling those issues and reducing the bad consequences of it. All available and possible methods can be implemented to reduce the problem and the negative impacts that are associated with it must be approached by each party.  Lots of people around the world nowadays are suffering from the global warming, As I mentioned above, all of us can cooperate with each other through implementing different methods and solutions such as investing in finding other sources of renewable energy, using the recycle system, reducing our consumption and reducing the waste of the electricity.



Friday, December 9, 2011

The mass media

The mass media, including television, radio, magazines and newspapers have made a big change in the world and our life. Also now it is one of the most important things in our daily life. From my point of view I think that the mass media have great influence in shaping people's ideas.
The first important reason is that some people start to do what the newspapers are saying; for example when people read about the number of car accidents and how the drivers are dead because of the high speed some of those will start to slow down while they drive and they will start to drive safely. Moreover if those people read about fashion from any newspaper or magazines they will start to dress from what they see. Also some mass media can play a very important part in our life; for example from newspapers we can know about the economy in the whole world from our home. So nowadays the mass media has a very important role in our life.
All in all, the mass media has a big part in our life and we have the right to believe what we read or not.
200 words

Monday, November 21, 2011


Nowadays education is very important in our life. In many countries these days, the number of people continuing their education after school has increased, and that is true. Everyone knows that our life nowadays is not as before; the world has changed. In the past people used to live from trading, by buying and selling things, also they used to travel a lot, not as today. However most of the people now are thinking and starting studying in colleges or universities so they can use this weapon to develop their life by getting a good job and agreed salary.
First of all, there is an important thing which is the population of the country; if 70% of those people have got a high level of education will there be enough jobs for them? If yes, so this will not be a big problem. But if not, it is going to be a real big problem because it’s going to be a lot of unemployed and that’s not a good thing.
On the other hand, some countries have a good economy and the number of their population is not very big so it will not be a problem because they can use their education and find a job easily so this will be a good thing for their countries.
All in all, education is very important in our life. Everyone should continue their education to develop themselves and their countries.
238 words.

Monday, November 14, 2011

The result of an airline survey in 2002 of economy class and business class travelers.

These pie charts show the result in percentage of an airline survey in 2002 of both economy class and business class travelers. The numbers show the percentage of male and female passengers who rated a particular feature as the most popular in flight consideration.
In economy class females have got the highest percentage in service which was 45%. However the males have less than the females at 25% in service. But if we are going to write about the comfort, the males rated space which accounted for almost half, 49%. The females have got the half of the males for space which is 25%. In the food and drinks there are no big differences in percentage; females have got 21% and the males have got 19%. On the other hand in the business class the males have got 24% in food and drinks, but females have got 20%.
All in all, from those features there is no big difference in the results for business class passengers. It is almost the same for each in flight features.  
175 words.

Monday, October 17, 2011

Fishermen By Region in 1970, 1980 and 2000

The bar chart shows the number of fishermen in millions for different regions in 1970, 1980 and 2000. Also it shows the world's top ten exporters of fish in 2000.
In 2000 Asia has got the highest number of fishermen which was 26 millions. However Africa has got the lowest number which was 3 million in 2000. Moreover the second leading continent is North America which had 15 millions in 2000 but in 1980 North America was the highest continent in number of fishermen with 15 millions. Additionally in 2000 the top Asian exporter was Thailand, the top European Norway and the top North American the USA.
All in all, from this bar chart we can see that Asia has got the highest number of fishermen and it was really a big increase in 2000.
135 words.

Table and Bar Combinations

This table shows some information about IT users in 1999/2000 in millions. Moreover there are figures about the two bar charts. The first one describes the proportion of people using a computer by percentage in 1999; the second one describes the proportion of people using the internet also by percentage in 1999.
From the first bar chart the Netherlands and Denmark have got the same average which is 65%. However Sweden has got the highest number which is 67%. In the second bar chart Sweden also has got the highest number of people using the internet which is 55%. Moreover Finland and the Netherlands are almost the same Finland has got 37% and the Netherlands has got 35%.
All in all, we can see that the average of using computers and the internet are variable from one country to another.

Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Studying abroad

Nowadays many students dream to study abroad and meet lots of different people with different cultures. Moreover to study abroad will give those students experience of how they can live alone and how they can depend on themselves.
Studying abroad is not as easy as some students think. The student who travels and studies abroad for the first time may face many problems such as how they can organize their time. For example their sleeping time; like in their country they used to sleep at 9 pm but in that new country where they are going to study the time will be opposite, like it may be 9 am so it may be quite difficult. Moreover the cost of living in that country may not be the same compared to his mother country; it may be expensive so they have to be more careful while they are buying goods and the main important thing is to search and know how to use the new currency so in this way they can protect themselves and no one can think to cheat them. Also studying abroad can force those students to learn that country's language, learn more about their culture and their way of living.
Studying abroad needs a good plan for everything: where I am going to study, to live, type of food they have, currency and their finances.
All in all, studying abroad has many advantages and disadvantages; however with good plans and good research it can be easy and worthwhile to study abroad.   
258 words